http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/api.php?action=feedcontributions&user=DmitryKayran&feedformat=atomCASE - User contributions [en]2022-10-02T03:01:59ZUser contributionsMediaWiki 1.25.2http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2018&diff=2125PHY542 spring 20182018-01-11T18:16:31Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 22 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 29 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 05 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/e/ee/PHY_542_ATF_photoinjector.pdf ATF Photoinjector] Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 12 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 19 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 26 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 05 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 12 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 19 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 26 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 02 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 <b> TBD</b>.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 09 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf PHY542 2016 CSR_ATF2]]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF control room or/and comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 16 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 23 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 <b> TBD</b><br />
|Magnetic measurements (To be confirmed) <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, Apr 30 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 07 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture PHY542 2016 Magnets] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2018&diff=2124PHY542 spring 20182018-01-11T18:14:39Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 22 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 29 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 05 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/e/ee/PHY_542_ATF_photoinjector.pdf ATF Photoinjector] Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 12 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 19 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 26 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 05 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 12 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 19 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 26 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 02 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 09 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf PHY542 2016 CSR_ATF2]]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF control room or/and comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 16 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 23 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 FFG magnets<br />
|Magnetic measurements (To be confirmed) <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, Apr 30 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 07 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture PHY542 2016 Magnets] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1576PHY542 spring 20172017-04-26T01:26:56Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/e/ee/PHY_542_ATF_photoinjector.pdf ATF Photoinjector] Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf PHY542 2016 CSR_ATF2]]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF control room or/and comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 FFG magnets<br />
|Magnetic measurements (To be confirmed) <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture PHY542 2016 Magnets] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=File:PHY_542_ATF_photoinjector.pdf&diff=1575File:PHY 542 ATF photoinjector.pdf2017-04-26T01:25:36Z<p>DmitryKayran: </p>
<hr />
<div></div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1570PHY542 spring 20172017-04-04T13:39:00Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf PHY542 2016 CSR_ATF2]]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF control room or/and comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 FFG magnets<br />
|Magnetic measurements (To be confirmed) <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture PHY542 2016 Magnets] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1569PHY542 spring 20172017-04-04T13:37:42Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf PHY542 2016 CSR_ATF2]]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF control room or/and comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 FFG magnets<br />
|Magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture PHY542 2016 Magnets] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1568PHY542 spring 20172017-04-04T13:37:08Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf PHY542 2016 CSR_ATF2]]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF control room or/and comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 FFG magnets<br />
|Magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1567PHY542 spring 20172017-04-04T13:36:03Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2]]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF control room or/and comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 FFG magnets<br />
|Magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1566PHY542 spring 20172017-04-03T17:25:19Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF control room or/and comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 FFG magnets<br />
|Magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1565PHY542 spring 20172017-04-03T17:24:43Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration (ATF CR or/and ATF comp. lab. using elegant) <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #3 FFG magnets<br />
|Magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
|Magnetic measurements. Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1564PHY542 spring 20172017-04-03T17:19:43Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
!17<br />
|back up<br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
|Magnetic measurements.</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1563PHY542 spring 20172017-03-27T16:12:53Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
| Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4]<br />
|CSR effects on energy spread demonstration<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1562PHY542 spring 20172017-03-27T16:11:14Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
| Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4]<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1561PHY542 spring 20172017-03-27T16:06:52Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
| Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 <br />
| Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4]<br />
|<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1560PHY542 spring 20172017-03-27T16:04:22Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
| Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #3 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1559PHY542 spring 20172017-03-27T16:03:31Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1. Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #2 Sub-femtosecond time resolution measurements.<br />
|Demonstration of production of sub-femtosecond pulses and longitudinal profile measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
| Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1558PHY542 spring 20172017-03-27T15:58:31Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets).<br />
|Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] <br />
| Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1557PHY542 spring 20172017-03-27T15:57:02Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 <br />
|Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1556PHY542 spring 20172017-03-27T15:54:32Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] || Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 ||Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1550PHY542 spring 20172017-03-13T20:42:56Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture and QA], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 || Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] <br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1549PHY542 spring 20172017-03-13T20:42:22Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/74/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture, Discussion], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 || Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] <br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1548PHY542 spring 20172017-03-13T20:40:56Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations[http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf Lecture, Discussion], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 || Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] <br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=File:PHY_542_HW2-3_QA.pdf&diff=1547File:PHY 542 HW2-3 QA.pdf2017-03-13T20:40:01Z<p>DmitryKayran: </p>
<hr />
<div></div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=File:PHY_542_QA.pdf&diff=1546File:PHY 542 QA.pdf2017-03-13T20:39:01Z<p>DmitryKayran: </p>
<hr />
<div></div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1545PHY542 spring 20172017-03-13T20:30:30Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations[Lecture, Discussion], Computational [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3] || ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 || Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] <br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1519PHY542 spring 20172017-02-27T21:20:11Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] Discussion|| ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/3/3d/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 || Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] <br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=File:PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf&diff=1518File:PHY 542 Emittance Measurements 2017.pdf2017-02-27T21:19:23Z<p>DmitryKayran: </p>
<hr />
<div></div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1517PHY542 spring 20172017-02-27T21:18:47Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan<br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 <br />
| Beam dynamics simulations [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] Discussion|| ATF computer Lab<br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2017.pdf Lecture ] || Emittance measurement with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 || Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] <br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture] ||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1514PHY542 spring 20172017-02-14T13:34:19Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Procedure */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be [http://www.desy.de/~mpyflo/ ASTRA] and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 || Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] <br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture], Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1513PHY542 spring 20172017-02-13T20:20:48Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || Modeling photo-injectors, Introduction to ASTRA [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1] || Quantum efficiency measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 || Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence<br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3]|| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 || Transport of particle beams, magnets [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Magnetic measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 || Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture] <br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #1 (FFAG magnets). <br />
| Demonstration 3D accelerator simulations. '''To be confirmed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| Advanced acceleration topics #2 TBD [ Lecture], Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1490PHY542 spring 20172016-12-21T20:51:23Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || '''**Floating snow day** ''' No class<br />
| '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 <br />
| Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture ] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| X-ray production using IFEL and Compton [ Lecture], Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1489PHY542 spring 20172016-12-21T20:50:41Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || '''**Floating snow day** ''' No class<br />
| '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 <br />
| Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| X-ray production using IFEL and Compton [ Lecture], Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1488PHY542 spring 20172016-12-21T20:48:29Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || '''Floating snow day '''<br />
| '''Floating snow day '''<br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 <br />
| Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || '''HOLIDAY (President's day)''' || '''LAB closed'''<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| '''Spring Break (no class)'''<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| X-ray production using IFEL and Compton [ Lecture], Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2017&diff=1487PHY542 spring 20172016-12-21T20:43:26Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 23 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Jan 30 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 06 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 13 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 20 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 27 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 06 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 13 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 20 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 27 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 03 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 10 <br />
| X-ray production using IFEL and Compton [ Lecture], Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 17 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 24 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 01 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 08 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1163PHY542 spring 20162016-04-21T21:34:29Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| X-ray production using IFEL and Compton [ Lecture], Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1162PHY542 spring 20162016-04-21T21:32:42Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2] <!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] -->, [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1161PHY542 spring 20162016-04-21T21:32:24Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
<!-- [https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)] --></div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1160PHY542 spring 20162016-04-21T21:31:28Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
{[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]}</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1159PHY542 spring 20162016-04-21T21:31:10Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
/*[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1158PHY542 spring 20162016-04-21T21:30:49Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|<br />
<br />
//[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1157PHY542 spring 20162016-04-21T21:29:33Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/7/72/PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf CSR_ATF2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf Computational HW4] || Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/4/44/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=File:PHY542_CSR_ATF2.pdf&diff=1156File:PHY542 CSR ATF2.pdf2016-04-21T21:25:20Z<p>DmitryKayran: </p>
<hr />
<div></div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=File:Computational_HW4.pdf&diff=1155File:Computational HW4.pdf2016-04-21T21:25:05Z<p>DmitryKayran: </p>
<hr />
<div></div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1151PHY542 spring 20162016-04-19T15:41:46Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| Computational lab: Introduction to ASTRA. <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1150PHY542 spring 20162016-04-19T15:40:51Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture )] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture ][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| computational lab <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture ] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1149PHY542 spring 20162016-04-19T15:39:51Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| computational lab <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex1:''' Photo cathode QE characterization. '''Students Ex2:''' Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex3:''' RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: '''Students Ex4:''' Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || '''Finals: Student presentations'''<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1148PHY542 spring 20162016-04-19T15:37:44Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| computational lab <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]; | Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2, Discussion]||Data Acquisition: Students Ex1: Photo cathode QE characterization. Students Ex2: Solenoid scan. 4xBPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Data Acquisition: Students Ex3: RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: Students Ex3: RF linacs phase optimisation. Emittance measurements<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Data Acquisition: Students Ex4: Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, data analysis, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || Finals: Student presentations<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1147PHY542 spring 20162016-04-19T15:30:30Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| computational lab <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Masking_techniques.pdf Lecture]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics: IFEL, Compton Scatering [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/PHY542_Compton.pdf Lecture]||Data Acquisition: 1) Photo cathode QE. 2)4BPM Emittance measurements. <br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Computer Lab [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: RF linacs phase optimisazion.<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/a/af/HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || Finals: Student presentations<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1146PHY542 spring 20162016-04-19T15:18:42Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
<hr />
<div><center><br />
<table width=60% border=1><br />
<tr><br />
<th width=50% align=center>Class meet time and dates</th><br />
<th align=center>Instructors</th><br />
</tr><br />
<br />
<tr><td align=left valign=center><br />
<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<td align=left valign=top><br />
<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
</td><br />
<br />
<br />
</tr></table><br />
<br />
</center><br />
<br />
[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| computational lab <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/6/67/Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/images/f/f5/PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Diagnostics.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/ Lecture]||Wakefield acceleration<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Diagnostics.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: RF linacs phase optimisazion.<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || Finals: Student presentations<br />
|</div>DmitryKayranhttp://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php?title=PHY542_spring_2016&diff=1145PHY542 spring 20162016-04-19T15:16:47Z<p>DmitryKayran: /* Course Schedule */</p>
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<!-------------------------------add date and time --------------------------><br />
* '''When: Mon, 4:00p-7:00p ''' <br />
* '''Where: Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 820'''<br />
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<!-- -------------------------add Instructor ----------------------------><br />
* Prof. Mikhail Fedurin<br />
* Prof. Dmitry Kayran<br />
* Prof. Diktys Stratakis<br />
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[[Image:Example2.jpg|600px|Image: 600 pixels|center]]<br />
==Course Overview ==<br />
The course is intended for graduate students who want to gain knowledge about contemporary particle accelerators and their applications. During the semester, students will learn the basics on accelerator physics principles and accelerator operation as well have the unique opportunity to gain “hands-on” experience on an operational accelerator. Students will also learn advanced computational techniques in order to model and analyze their experiments.<br />
<br />
==Learning Goals==<br />
<br />
The course will cover a wide array of the measurements and manipulations that are needed for beam dynamics studies. Upon completion, students are expected to understand the basic principles and relations of beam dynamics, many of which they will have experimentally verified. Furthermore, they will have gained experience in measurement techniques and analysis of experimental observations. <br />
<br />
While emphasis will be given on experiments, it will also offer exposure to the latest accelerator computer simulation techniques.<br />
<br />
Several major topics will be covered during the semester: <br />
<br />
* source physics <br />
* magnet measurements <br />
* optical imaging and processing using both fast and integrating devices <br />
* phase space mapping and emittance measurement <br />
* longitudinal dynamics and energy spread, beam control <br />
<br />
Overall, students will be exposed to a number of state-of-the-art diagnostics and experimental techniques.<br />
<br />
<br />
== Course Procedure ==<br />
<br />
A total of 7 experiments will be conducted focusing in three different research areas: Beam control and focusing, beam diagnostic techniques, and electromagnetic phenomena on particle beams. The students will have hands-on experience on an operational accelerator and will be responsible for setting up the equipment, obtaining their own measurements, and analyzing the data. For same experiments students will be asked to model the experiments and compare results with measurements.<br />
Three lectures will be given – one for each group of experiments. During the lecture the students will learn the basics on beam diagnostic and imaging methods, beam manipulation techniques as well as the basic theory on electromagnetic phenomena on particle beans. A fourth lecture will be devoted on advanced computation techniques for analyzing results in accelerator physics. The primary simulation codes for this class will be ASTRA and ELEGANT while some experience with MATLAB, or Mathematica will be useful.<br />
During the semester, students will prepare two reports (each at different group areas). The content should include: 1) A background section which describes the experiment and explain the objectives, 2) A summary of measurements taken in the lab, 3) detailed data analysis and discussion, and 4) conclusion remarks.<br />
In addition, at the end of semester each student will be asked to prepare a presentation covering an experiment from a different group of experiments from any of the reports<br />
<br />
LOCATION: The first class will be at Stony Brook University, Chemistry Building 124<br />
All remaining classes will be at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Building 820<br />
<br />
IMPORTANT: When you arrive at BNL's main gate, please inform the guard you are attending the Advanced Accelerator Laboratory Course at the ATF. You may be requested to check in at the nearby security trailer or research support building (Bldg. 400), where proper visitor identification may be required [http://www.bnl.gov/guv/ID.asp]. We highly recommend that you will arrive no later than 3:30 pm during your first time for registration. <br />
<br />
Transportation info can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/staffservices/othertransportation.php]<br />
A list of BNL maps can be found here: [http://www.bnl.gov/maps/]<br />
<br />
Directions to the classroom are here: [[Image:ATFMap.png|200px|Image: 200 pixels|center]]<br />
<br />
== Textbook and ''suggested materials''==<br />
<br />
* “The Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams” by Martin Reiser, published by Wiley (1994) <br />
<br />
* “Fundamentals of Beam Physics” by James Rosenzweig, published by Oxford 2003<br />
<br />
* “Classical Electrodynamics”, third edition, by J.D. Jackson, published by Wiley (1999). Chapters 11 and 12 are of particular relevance to this course.<br />
<br />
* Accelerator Physics, by S. Y. Lee<br />
<br />
* Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, P.R.Bevington & D.K.<br />
Robinson (2nd or 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Inc., 1992, 2002)<br />
<br />
== Grading ==<br />
<br />
* 20% active participation in the lab<br />
* 60% lab report<br />
* 20% presentation<br />
<br />
There will be no final exam.<br />
<br />
== List of topics ==<br />
<br />
The following topics are taken mostly from Physical Review Letters. All topics correspond to breakthrough experiments conducted at the Accelerator Test Facility.Two examples are here:<br />
<br />
* 1. Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration of a Relativistic Electron Beam in a Slab-Symmetric Dielectric Lined Waveguide [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.244801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 2. Seeding of Self-Modulation Instability of a Long Electron Bunch in a Plasma [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045001 Download]<br />
<br />
* 3. Experimental Observation of Suppression of Coherent-Synchrotron-Radiation–Induced Beam-Energy Spread with Shielding Plates [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.164802 Download]<br />
<br />
* 4. Generation of trains of electron microbunches with adjustable subpicosecond spacing [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.054801 Download]<br />
<br />
* 5. Subpicosecond Bunch Train Production for a Tunable mJ Level THz Source[http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.134802 Download] <br />
<br />
* 6. High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator[http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140915/ncomms5928/full/ncomms5928.html Download] <br />
<br />
* 7. Experimental Study of Current Filamentation Instability [http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.185007 Download]<br />
<br />
* 8. Simple method for generating adjustable trains of picosecond electron bunches [http://journals.aps.org/prstab/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.052803 Download]<br />
<br />
* 9. Resonant excitation of coherent Cerenkov radiation in dielectric lined waveguides [http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/98/20/10.1063/1.3592579 Download]<br />
<br />
NEW: Project topics for Spring 2015 class can be downloaded here: [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/5/56/Spring15_Projects.pdf Projects]<br />
<br />
== List of experiments ==<br />
* '''Group A: Beam control and focusing'''<br />
* ''A1: Measurement of quantum efficiency''<br />
During this lab activity the students will learn to setup and operate a photocathode gun, measure electron beam charge, measure the photocathode yield –e.g. quantum efficiency (QE), and study its dependence with the laser parameters.<br />
* ''A2: Magnetic measurement:''<br />
During this activity the students will measure the magnetic profile of a quadrupole lens by using a strained wire. Then, they will model a particle beam passing through a quadrupole that uses the focusing field measured in the experiment. The impact of magnet misalignments or positioning errors on beam dynamics will be numerically analyzed. .<br />
<br />
* '''Group B: Beam diagnostic techniques'''<br />
* ''B1: Emittance measurement with a quad scan''<br />
The students will vary the magnet focusing strength (measured in A2), record beam images for<br />
each setting on a fluorescent screen and measure rms beam size. Then, by fitting the data to a polynomial fit, they will measure the beam emittance (by using the theory taught in class). The students will also compare the measurements with predictions from numerical calculations.<br />
* ''B2: Emittance measurement with a screen method''<br />
The students will steer the beam through four profile monitors and record images. Then they will analyze the images and obtain the beam size on each screen. Using theory (taught in class) they will obtain the beam emittance using statistical analysis.<br />
* ''B3: Phase-space mapping''<br />
During this exercise the students will measure the beam profile for different magnet settings. Then using tomographic principles (taught in class) will obtain the 2-D beam phase-space by using the measured 1-D profiles. From the phase-space and by doing appropriate statistical analysis they will extract important beam parameters such as the beam size and divergence.<br />
* '''Group C: Electromagnetic effects on particle beams'''<br />
* ''C1: Coherent synchrotron radiation''<br />
Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effect is responsible for energy spread increase and<br />
emittance degradation for short electron bunches in systems included bending magnets. Students will conduct a set of energy profile measurements using beam profile monitor installed at location with large dispersion. As a results of measurements students will be able to reconstructs CSR effect dependency on bunch length, charge per bunch and peak current. These measurements could be supported by numerical simulation using accelerator design codes (e.g. ELEGANT).<br />
* ''C2: Generation of bunched beams''<br />
In this clas s students will learn mask technique developed at ATF: the idea, purpose and procedure. Mask transmission contrast measurements will be proposed for practice. During measurements students will vary beatatron beam size by control quadrupoles triplet strength located upstream of beamline dogleg section. Series of saved BPM images have to be analyzed, dependence of mask transmission contrast from beam can be derived. Data supposed to be filtered and averaged, error from charge fluctuations can be estimated.<br />
<br />
==Safety Training==<br />
<br />
All students must complete online general training “Guest Site Orientation” (TQ-GSO). <br />
<br />
In addition, here is the list of online ATF - specific training that you should also take prior to your arrival at ATF:<br />
<br />
- Static Magnetic Fields<br />
<br />
- LOTO Affected (Awareness)<br />
<br />
- ATF Awareness<br />
<br />
Note:<br />
<br />
- Any student with medical conditions/implants affected by magnetic fields needs medical clearance prior to entry into exp hall or work with magnetic measurements.<br />
<br />
==Course Schedule==<br />
<br />
<br />
{| border="1" class="wikitable"<br />
|+ Course Schedule (tentative) <br />
! Week<br />
! Date<br />
! Covered topic<br />
! Brief description of Experiment <br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 1<br />
| Mon, Jan 25 || Introduction class || '''This class will take place at SBU P127. All remaining classes will be at BNL'''<br />
|-<br />
! 2<br />
| Mon, Feb 01 || Course overview, administrative issues.[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8WmZ3ektNdE00ZGs/view?usp=sharing Lecture] <br />
|<br />
<br />
|-<br />
! 3<br />
| Mon, Feb 08 || No class due to weather<br />
| No class <br />
|-<br />
! 4<br />
| Mon, Feb 15 <br />
| HOLIDAY (President's day) <br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 5<br />
| Mon, Feb 22 || Introduction to photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a7/PHY_542_Intro_Injectors_2016.pdf Lecture] || Quantum efficiency measurement<br />
|-<br />
! 6<br />
| Mon, Feb 29 <br />
| Modeling photo-injectors [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/6/69/PHY_542_Comput_2016.pdf Lecture][http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf Computational HW1]|| computational lab <br />
|-<br />
! 7<br />
| Mon, Mar 07 || Transport of particle beams, Beam Acceleration [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/0/0e/PHY542_beamTransport2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php/File:Computational_HW2.pdf Computational HW2] || Operation of radio-frequency cavities, phase-dependence, alignment errors, dark currents <br />
|-<br />
! 8<br />
| Mon, Mar 14 <br />
| Spring Break (no class)<br />
| <br />
|-<br />
! 9<br />
| Mon, Mar 21 || Beam Diagnostics, emittance measurement techniques, [http://case.physics.sunysb.edu/index.php/File:PHY_542_Emittance_Measurements_2016.pdf Lecture] [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW3.pdf Computational HW3] <br />
| Operation of position monitors; beam profile monitors; energy analyzer; emittance measurement with a BPM scan and with Quad magnet scan<br />
|-<br />
! 10<br />
| Mon, Mar 28 <br />
| Dispersion and Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Diagnostics.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 11<br />
| Mon, Apr 04 || Advanced acceleration topics [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/6/6f/ Lecture]||Wakefield acceleration<br />
|-<br />
! 12<br />
| Mon, Apr 11 <br />
| Masking Techniques [http://www-case.physics.sunysb.edu/wiki/images/c/ca/PHY542_Diagnostics.pdf HW3 Discussion]<br />
| Beam masking techniques and bunch-train production<br />
|-<br />
! 13<br />
| Mon, Apr 18 || Bunch compression; Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR);[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9ZbR7binbX8akxBRnA0RGdnUGc/view?usp=sharing Lecture2 (DS)]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: RF linacs phase optimisazion.<br />
|-<br />
! 14<br />
| Mon, Apr 25 <br />
| Finishing Simulation in Comp. Lab [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW1.pdf HW1], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW2.pdf HW2], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW3.pdf HW3], [http://case.physics.stonybrook.edu/images/a/a0/Computational_HW4.pdf HW4]|| Finishing Data Acquisition: Beam masking techniques <br />
|-<br />
! 15<br />
| Mon, May 02 || Reserved for questions, discussions, report writing, presentation preparation ||<br />
|-<br />
! 16<br />
| Mon, May 09 || Finals: Student presentations<br />
|</div>DmitryKayran